Banco de datos de lenguas paleohispánicas



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An external view of a numismatic page (click to enlarge):


The numismatic section of the HESPERIA Palaeohispanic Languages Data Bank contains every coin legend written in any Palaeohispanic language, that is, Iberian and Celtiberian languages, and the language of the coins from the north-western Ebro Valley, which maybe partially corresponds to the Vasconic language.

The so-called "Libyo-Phoenician" coins have been excluded, since neither their alphabet nor their script have been accurately determined. Also Punic, Latin and Greek coin legends are out of the Data Base, excepting when they were combined with a Palaeohispanic language in bilingual and mixed coins.

Every record of the numismatic section of HESPERIA corresponds to a mint, unlikely the epigraphic section, where every record is devoted to an inscription. Each record is named after the most common toponym of the mint, regardless of its morphology (for example untikesken, salduie, kalakorikos, turiazu, etc.) and contains every Palaeohispanic legend issued in this place. 

Every record has four tabs: “Generalidades” (= introductory Information), “Leyendas” (= coin legends), “Lengua y escritura” (= language and writing) and “Bibliografía” (= bibliography).

1. Generalidades Tab. The Generalidades tab is headed by the name of the mint and the record numbers, both of MLH and HESPERIA.

The records of the former were identified with the letter A followed by a number between 1 and 103. In the same line, HESPERIA records consist of the abbreviation of "moneda" ("coin"), "Mon.", followed by a correlative number, which is frequently the same as that of MLH (for example, kelse is Mon.21 (= MLH A.21)). Nonetheless, there are new records that Untermann's work didn't include, which have been assigned a record number from 104 on in HESPERIA Data Base. They are the following:

  • a) Mints identified after the publication of MLH (for example, labini, Mon.111); mints that had an anomalous record number in MLH (for example, bikanaos A.29A = Mon.104); couples of mints that have been put mistakenly into the same record number in MLH (Contrebia Belaisca / Contrebia Carbica A.75 = Mon.75 and Mon.105, respectively).
  • b) The coin legends of the imitations of the drachms of Emporion, whether readable (Mon.109) or not (Mon.110); the legends of the lead coins (Mon.115, Mon.116) and some suspicious ones (Mon.106, Mon.107 and Mon.112, whose record number is labelled with the caution "SUSPECTA" ).

After the records, one can find background information about the mint: chronology, emplacement, geographic dispersion of findings, number of series, denominations and iconography.

2. Leyendas Tab. The "Leyendas" tab includes every Palaeohispanic legend inscribed in the numismatic production of this mint (non-Palaeohispanic legends are collected only if they were written in bilingual coins). A specific record was created for each one (understanding the texts of obverse and reverse as a whole).

Transcriptions adjust themselves to the most popular systems among the researchers. The north-eastern Ebro Valley mints and Iberian ones have been transcripted after the MLH system; while Celtiberian ones have been transcripted after the system proposed by F. Villar (Villar 1995, see "Signarios"). A link next to every legend opens a new window containing further information about that precise text: record number, chronology, critical apparatus, main bibliographical references, minor legends and iconography, denominations and a picture.

3. Lengua y Escritura Tab. The Lengua y escritura tab offers the most remarkable palaeographic and linguistic features of each mint.

4. Bibliografía Tab. The Bibliografía tab shows the abbreviations of the main bibliographical references about the mint. To obtain the complete reference, it suffices to leave the cursor on the abbreviation a couple of seconds.

Search engine. The buttons on the right side of each record allow browsing the Data Bank and accessing the search engine. This device allows finding isolated words or complete legends. Once found, the user can obtain further information about the mint or about a particular legend, set them in a context, watch related pictures and read up-to-date references on the mint.

The contents of the numismatic Data Base, including the pictures, constitute the second volume of HESPERIA Palaeohispanic Data Bank, available at the publishing services of the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU).


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